There are many different kinds of acne but the causes of cystic acne can be more severe than other forms of acne, a skin condition which is so common in teens. While regular acne may result in the occasional pimple or clusters of pimples, cystic acne can be far more severe. It can also appear unsightly and even leave permanent scars. With proper diagnosis and treatment, however, it may be possible to limit or prevent skin pitting and have acne free skin. First of all, what exactly is cystic acne and how does it differ, both in appearance and shape, from so-called normal acne?

What are the causes of cystic acne?

Many medical specialists compare the cysts so typical of this skin condition to boils. They may be extremely painful, contain pus and don’t always respond to typical home remedies. If left untreated, they don’t necessarily disappear, but even if they do there may be permanent pits and scars. Obviously, this is not a desirable result. Not only can this be the worst type of acne to handle but it may not respond to over the counter acne medications or extra hygiene efforts.

Sufferers often endure comments from unkind peers or even adults. Although cystic acne generally strikes males more than females, it can occur in either gender. If there is a family tendency to have the condition, parents of those entering their teens should be on the lookout for symptoms and causes of cystic acne. Symptoms of this form of acne include a reddening of the skin and very visible skin lesions which can cover the entire face, including the nose.

No matter how often individuals with cystic acne wash their faces, use over the counter treatments or make sure their clothing and bedding is clean, the acne does not disappear.Within days or weeks, the individual may be trying desperately to keep this acne under control. Without expert help, it is often impossible to keep in check.

Before going delving into the causes of cystic acne, it is important to note that there is some controversy about what type of acne is truly cystic. A significant number of medical specialists have pushed for labeling the condition “nodular acne” because some sufferers have very hard lumps (also called nodules)under their skin. This can possibly affect the nodular areas of the body, possibly even the back, chest and arms.

This could also be a reason why the medical condition is so hard to treat. Dermatologist are almost always needed for consultation and medication. Causes include oil glands which suddenly start producing far more oil than before, acne-related bacteria and dirt, and skin cells which clog up pores and nodules. Hormonal changes and using oily skin products on the face can aggravate the condition. Some types of medicines can even be causes of cystic acne, particularly in teens without a family history of acne.

Contrary to popular opinion, there does not seem to be a connection between factors such as sexual activity, diet or even a little dirt on the face, and cystic acne. However, there does seem to be a connection between washing the face too often, causing skin irritation. In short, there can be such a thing as too much cleanliness when it comes to cystic acne causes.

Proper treatment is vital and early symptoms in teens with a family history of cystic acne is the safest and wisest option. Waiting won’t help matters and could possibly lead to scars but patients need to have some information ready for the doctor.

This includes a detailed and full list of medications, any new or different skin products used and information about daily hygiene.These steps can save time and help medical professionals focus on the possible causes of cystic acne that affect a specific individual. Don’t forget to mention a family history of the skin condition.

Treatments for cystic acne can vary greatly from one person to another. While this may not seem to make sense, some prescription skin lotions or medications could interfere with medications the patient is already taking. Also, there have been rare cases of some treatments leading to depression in patients with a family history of this illness.

Basic treatments include antibiotics used along with benzoyl peroxide or over the counter prescription lotions used with other medications. Accutane is still very popular for treating cystic acne which doesn’t respond to other forms of medical intervention. However, this medicine can have side effects and is not always the first choice to help cure cystic acne. It can affect pregnant women and also has side effects for males.

Be sure to be clear about side effects before taking any cystic acne medications. Finally, to ensure acne free skin it is crucial not to stop treatment until a dermatologist approves of this choice. Even if skin seems clear, refusing to use medicines can be a mistake. It may be necessary to remain on medications all through the teen years – and even beyond – for those with cystic acne.